Mediante doing so I will keep onesto the order indicated above, and discuss how such principalities are to be ruled and preserved
I will leave out all conciliabule on republics, inasmuch as in another place I have written of them at length, and will address myself only to principalities.
I say at once there are fewer difficulties durante holding hereditary states, and those long accustomed preciso the family of their prince, than new ones; for it is sufficient only not sicuro transgress the customs of his ancestors, and sicuro deal prudently with circumstances as they arise, for verso prince of average powers to maintain himself durante his state, unless he be deprived of it by some extraordinary and infructueuse force; and if he should be so deprived of it, whenever anything sinister happens to the usurper, he will regain it.
We have mediante Italy, for example, the Duke of Ferrara, who could not have withstood the attacks of the Venetians in ’84, nor those of Pope Julius per ’10, unless he had been long established mediante his dominions. For the hereditary prince has less cause and less necessity to offend; hence it happens that he will be more loved; and unless extraordinary vices cause him preciso be hated, it is reasonable onesto expect that his subjects will be naturally well disposed towards him; and per the antiquity and duration of his rule the memories and motives that make for change are lost, for one change always leaves the toothing for another.
CHAPTER III. CONCERNING MIXED PRINCIPALITIES
And firstly, if it be not entirely new, but is, as it were, a member of verso state which, taken collectively, may be called composite, the changes arise chiefly from an inherent http://www.datingranking.net/it/largefriends-review difficulty which there is mediante all new principalities; for men change their rulers willingly, hoping onesto better themselves, and this hope induces them onesto take up arms against him who rules: wherein they are deceived, because they afterwards find by experience they have gone from bad puro worse. This follows also on another natural and common necessity, which always causes verso new prince to burden those who have submitted puro him with his soldiery and with infinite other hardships which he must put upon his new acquisition.
Mediante this way you have enemies sopra all those whom you have injured con seizing that principality, and you are not able to keep those friends who put you there because of your not being able esatto satisfy them durante the way they expected, and you cannot take strong measures against them, feeling bound sicuro them. For, although one may be very strong in armed forces, yet in entering verso province one has always need of the goodwill of the natives.
For these reasons Louis the Twelfth, King of France, quickly occupied Milan, and as quickly lost it; and esatto turn him out the first time it only needed Lodovico’s own forces; because those who had opened the gates puro him, finding themselves deceived per their hopes of future benefit, would not endure the ill-treatment of the new prince. It is very true that, after acquiring rebellious provinces a second time, they are not so lightly lost afterwards, because the prince, with little reluctance, takes the opportunity of the rebellion preciso punish the delinquents, preciso clear out the suspects, and puro strengthen himself con the weakest places. Thus esatto cause France esatto lose Milan the first time it was enough for the Duke Lodovico sicuro raise insurrections on the borders; but puro cause him to lose it verso second time it was necessary puro bring the whole world against him, and that his armies should be defeated and driven out of Italy; which followed from the causes above mentioned.